In the famous Hadith of Gabriel, the Prophet Muhammad delineates the three key principles of the Islamic faith; Islam, iman and ihsan. The first, Islam, includes the “five pillars of the religion.” These rituals are designed to discipline the body to perform outward practices of faith. The second, iman, includes the “six pillars of belief,” intended to discipline the mind. The third, ihsan, is meant to develop the soul by inculcating God-consciousness in every aspect of life.
Referred to as “tazkiyah” in the Quran and as “ihsān” in the Sunnah, this course introduces the history, theory and practice of the discipline of Islamic spirituality and speaks about its basis in the Quran and Sunnah. It looks at the formal development of this Prophetic Legacy, which focuses on purification of the heart and inner reform, and introduces its goal, objectives and practices.
- The 40 Principles of the Religion by Imam al-Ghazali